- Blanking; when the volume is muted for all or part of the word.
- Bleeping; playing a noise, usually a "beep", over all or part of the word.
- Resampling; using a like-sounding portion of vocals and music to override the offending word.
- Resinging; Replacing a word with a more appropriate word.
- Backmasking; taking the offending word and reversing the audio, sometimes the whole audio is reversed (often because it is a home-made job), but more usually only the vocal track is reversed.
- Repeating; repeating the word just said before the explicit word was used.
- Skipping; deleting the word from the song without a time delay.
- Echo; instead of saying a word, it echoes the last word(s) said in the line.
- Disc scratching; in hip hop, scratching on the word, making it sound like another word, or make the word said faster or slower.
- RoboVoicing; making the word totally non-understandable by overpowering a robovoice effect (usually used as a last resort for home-made jobs).
- Distorting; Usually in Hip-Hop, less offensive words are distorted. It is usually done by shifting down the pitch.
Thursday, 7 July 2011
Censorship of music is the practice of restricting free access to musical works. Censorship can range from the complete government-enforced legal prohibition of a musical work, to private, voluntary removal of content when a musical work appears in a certain context.
Madonna, USA - Several videos banned and attempted boycott (usually by religious groups) of several of her concerts (such as her visits in 1990 and 2006 to Rome, her visit in 2006 to Russia, her visits in 2009 to Poland and Bulgaria, etc.). When American television network NBC aired a concert from the artist's Confessions Tour, the part of the show where Madonna stages a crucifixion was censored and replaced with images of orphaned African children (images that were part of the live performance involving the crucifixion, but which were displayed on the on-stage screens behind the singer).